Sunday, April 29, 2012

exam5pretest

  • Question 1
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    Tubular reabsorption involves all of the following, except
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    Selected Answer:    countertransport.
    Correct Answer:    stem cell movements.
  • Question 2
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    The outermost layer of the kidney is the
    Question 2 answers
    Selected Answer:    renal cortex.
    Correct Answer:    fibrous capsule.
  • Question 3
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    The Kupffer cells of the liver
    Question 3 answers
    Selected Answer:    all of the above
    Correct Answer:    all of the above
  • Question 4
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    Contraction of the ________ alters the shape of the intestinal lumen and moves epithelial pleats and folds.
    Question 4 answers
    Selected Answer:    submucosa
    Correct Answer:    muscularis mucosa
  • Question 5
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    A blockage of the ducts from the parotid glands would
    Question 5 answers
    Selected Answer:    A, B, and C
    Correct Answer:    A, B, and C
  • Question 6
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    The kidneys not only remove waste products from the blood, they also assist in the regulation of
    Question 6 answers
    Selected Answer:    all of the above
    Correct Answer:    all of the above
  • Question 7
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    An intestinal hormone that stimulates the gallbladder to release bile is
    Question 7 answers
    Selected Answer:    secretin.
    Correct Answer:    cholecystokinin.
  • Question 8
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    Triangular or conical structures located in the renal medulla are called
    Question 8 answers
    Selected Answer:    pyramids.
    Correct Answer:    pyramids.
  • Question 9
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    ________ is an inherited abnormality that affects the development and structure of kidney tubules.
    Question 9 answers
    Selected Answer:    Renal failure
    Correct Answer:    Polycystic kidney disease
  • Question 10
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    A drug that blocks the action of the hormone cholecystokinin would affect
    Question 10 answers
    Selected Answer:    A, B, and C
    Correct Answer:    A, B, and C
  • Question 11
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    The secretion of acid and enzymes by the gastric mucosa is controlled and regulated by
    Question 11 answers
    Selected Answer:    digestive tract hormones.
    Correct Answer:    A, B, and C
  • Question 12
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    Which of the following descriptions best matches the term nephron loop (loop of Henle)?
    Question 12 answers
    Selected Answer:    creates high interstitial NaCl concentration
    Correct Answer:    A, B, and C
  • Question 13
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    Glomerulonephritis may occur as a consequence of an infection with the bacterium
    Question 13 answers
    Selected Answer:    MRSA.
    Correct Answer:    Streptococcus.
  • Question 14
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    The prominent indentation on the medial surface of the kidney is the
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    Selected Answer:    pelvis.
    Correct Answer:    hilum.
  • Question 15
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    An enzyme secreted by the gastric mucosa of a newborn that coagulates milk proteins is
    Question 15 answers
    Selected Answer:    pepsin.
    Correct Answer:    rennin.
  • Question 16
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    Urine passes, in the order given, through which of the following structures?
    Question 16 answers
    Selected Answer:    collecting duct, ureter, renal pelvis, urethra, bladder
    Correct Answer:    collecting duct, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, urethra
  • Question 17
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    Approximately the last 15 cm of the digestive tract is the
    Question 17 answers
    Selected Answer:    rectum.
    Correct Answer:    rectum.
  • Question 18
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    Each of the following is a normal constituent of urine, except
    Question 18 answers
    Selected Answer:    proteins.
    Correct Answer:    proteins.
  • Question 19
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    Bile is stored in the
    Question 19 answers
    Selected Answer:    gallbladder.
    Correct Answer:    gallbladder.
  • Question 20
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    The primary function of the proximal convoluted tubule is
    Question 20 answers
    Selected Answer:    absorption of ions, organic molecules, vitamins, and water.
    Correct Answer:    absorption of ions, organic molecules, vitamins, and water.
  • Question 21
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    Powerful peristaltic contractions that occur a few times each day in the colon are called
    Question 21 answers
    Selected Answer:    mass movements.
    Correct Answer:    mass movements.
  • Question 22
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    An intestinal hormone that stimulates gastric secretion is
    Question 22 answers
    Selected Answer:    gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP).
    Correct Answer:    gastrin.
  • Question 23
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    Lacteals
    Question 23 answers
    Selected Answer:    increase the surface area of the mucosa of the small intestine.
    Correct Answer:    carry absorbed fats to the lymphatic system.
  • Question 24
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    The absorption of some sugars in the small intestine involves
    Question 24 answers
    Selected Answer:    diffusion.
    Correct Answer:    cotransport.
  • Question 25
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    The process of filtration occurs at
    Question 25 answers
    Selected Answer:    the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule.
    Correct Answer:    the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule.
  • Question 26
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    Plicae and intestinal villi
    Question 26 answers
    Selected Answer:    increase the surface area of the mucosa of the small intestine.
    Correct Answer:    increase the surface area of the mucosa of the small intestine.
  • Question 27
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    Functions of the large intestine include
    Question 27 answers
    Selected Answer:    all of the above.
    Correct Answer:    B and C only
  • Question 28
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    Enzymes secreted by the pancreas include
    Question 28 answers
    Selected Answer:    trypsin (as trypsinogen).
    Correct Answer:    A and B only
  • Question 29
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    The condition called ________ is especially dangerous because the ureters or renal blood vessels can become twisted or kinked during movement.
    Question 29 answers
    Selected Answer:    floating kidney
    Correct Answer:    floating kidney
  • Question 30
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    The activities of the digestive system are regulated by
    Question 30 answers
    Selected Answer:    all of the above
    Correct Answer:    all of the above
  • Question 31
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    The pancreas produces
    Question 31 answers
    Selected Answer:    all of the above
    Correct Answer:    all of the above
  • Question 32
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    In response to the arrival of acid chyme in the duodenum, the
    Question 32 answers
    Selected Answer:    blood levels of secretin rise.
    Correct Answer:    blood levels of secretin rise.
  • Question 33
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    The region of the stomach that empties into the duodenum is the
    Question 33 answers
    Selected Answer:    pylorus.
    Correct Answer:    pylorus.
  • Question 34
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    The part of the small intestine most likely to develop an ulcer from exposure to gastric juice is the
    Question 34 answers
    Selected Answer:    duodenum.
    Correct Answer:    duodenum.
  • Question 35
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    Sensory nerve cells, parasympathetic ganglia, and sympathetic postganglionic fibers can be found in the
    Question 35 answers
    Selected Answer:    adventitia.
    Correct Answer:    submucosal plexus.
  • Question 36
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    Which of these descriptions best matches the term myenteric plexus?
    Question 36 answers
    Selected Answer:    coordinates activity of muscularis externa
    Correct Answer:    coordinates activity of muscularis externa
  • Question 37
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    The position of the kidneys in the abdominal cavity is stabilized by
    Question 37 answers
    Selected Answer:    B and C only
    Correct Answer:    A, B, and C
  • Question 38
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    The urinary system does all of the following, except that it
    Question 38 answers
    Selected Answer:    regulates blood volume.
    Correct Answer:    excretes excess albumin molecules.
  • Question 39
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    The oral mucosa has ________ epithelium.
    Question 39 answers
    Selected Answer:    transitional
    Correct Answer:    stratified squamous
  • Question 40
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    Blood leaves the glomerulus through a blood vessel called the
    Question 40 answers
    Selected Answer:    vasa recta.
    Correct Answer:    efferent arteriole.
  • Question 41
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    Which of these descriptions best matches the term duodenal ampulla?
    Question 41 answers
    Selected Answer:    carries absorbed sugars and amino acids
    Correct Answer:    where pancreatic juice and bile enter duodenum
  • Question 42
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    Autoregulation of the rate of glomerular filtration has which of the following properties?
    Question 42 answers
    Selected Answer:    all of the above
    Correct Answer:    all of the above
  • Question 43
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    The ureters and urinary bladder are lined by ________ epithelium.
    Question 43 answers
    Selected Answer:    simple cuboidal
    Correct Answer:    transitional
  • Question 44
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    The expanded beginning of the ureter connects to the
    Question 44 answers
    Selected Answer:    renal corpuscle.
    Correct Answer:    renal pelvis.
  • Question 45
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    Brunner glands are characteristic of the
    Question 45 answers
    Selected Answer:    jejunum.
    Correct Answer:    duodenum.
  • Question 46
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    The basic functional unit of the liver is the
    Question 46 answers
    Selected Answer:    bile canaliculus.
    Correct Answer:    lobule.
  • Question 47
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    A drug that inhibits angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) may lead to
    Question 47 answers
    Selected Answer:    A, B, and C
    Correct Answer:    A, B, and C
  • Question 48
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    Mary had her stomach mostly removed to try to overcome obesity. As a result you would expect Mary to be at risk for
    Question 48 answers
    Selected Answer:    pernicious anemia.
    Correct Answer:    pernicious anemia.
  • Question 49
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    The urinary system regulates blood volume and pressure by
    Question 49 answers
    Selected Answer:    A, B, and C
    Correct Answer:    A, B, and C
  • Question 50
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    Blockage of the common hepatic duct would interfere with digestion of
    Question 50 answers
    Selected Answer:    fats.
    Correct Answer:    fats.
  • Question 51
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    The cells of the macula densa and the juxtaglomerular cells form the
    Question 51 answers
    Selected Answer:    afferent arteriole.
    Correct Answer:    juxtaglomerular complex.
  • Question 52
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    Which of the following is surrounded by a serosa?
    Question 52 answers
    Selected Answer:    esophagus
    Correct Answer:    small intestine
  • Question 53
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    In response to the hormone secretin, the pancreas secretes a fluid
    Question 53 answers
    Selected Answer:    rich in bile.
    Correct Answer:    rich in bicarbonate ion.
  • Question 54
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    The enzyme pepsin digests
    Question 54 answers
    Selected Answer:    proteins.
    Correct Answer:    proteins.
  • Question 55
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    Plicae circulares are
    Question 55 answers
    Selected Answer:    fingerlike projections on the surface of the mucosa of the small intestine.
    Correct Answer:    circumferential folds in the mucosa and submucosa of the small intestine.
  • Question 56
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    The uvula is located at the
    Question 56 answers
    Selected Answer:    base of a tooth.
    Correct Answer:    posterior margin of the soft palate.
  • Question 57
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    A small, wormlike structure attached to the posteromedial surface of the cecum is the
    Question 57 answers
    Selected Answer:    ileum.
    Correct Answer:    appendix.
  • Question 58
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    Which layer of the digestive tract directly underlies the epithelium?
    Question 58 answers
    Selected Answer:    lamina propria
    Correct Answer:    lamina propria
  • Question 59
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    The digestive tract is also referred to as the
    Question 59 answers
    Selected Answer:    both A and C
    Correct Answer:    both A and C
  • Question 60
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    Chief cells secrete
    Question 60 answers
    Selected Answer:    gastrin.
    Correct Answer:    pepsinogen.
  • Question 61
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    G cells of the stomach secrete
    Question 61 answers
    Selected Answer:    secretin.
    Correct Answer:    gastrin.
  • Question 62
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    Secretion of hydrogen ion by the PCT is by the process of
    Question 62 answers
    Selected Answer:    cotransport.
    Correct Answer:    countertransport.